Publications

Working Paper
Momi Dahan. Working Paper. “Social Construction and the Progressivity of Local Tax Relief.” CESifo Working Paper No. 9277, Sep 2021.
Momi Dahan and Udi Nisan. Working Paper. “Late Payments, Liquidity Constraints and the Mismatch between Due Dates and Paydays.” CESifo Working Paper No. 8733, Dec 2020.
Momi Dahan and Itamar Yakir. Working Paper. “Revealed Political Favoritism: Evidence from the Allocation of State Lottery Grants in Israel.” CESifo Working Paper No. 7882, Oct 2019.
2021
Momi Dahan. 2021. “Income Inequality in Israel: A Distinctive Evolution.” in The Israeli Economy in the Last Twenty Years: Lights and Shadows in a Market Economy, edited by Avi Ben-Bassat, Reuben Gronau and Asaf Zussman, Cambridge University Press.
Momi Dahan. 2021. “Poverty and economic behavior: gambling on social security paydays.” International Gambling Studies, 21, 1, Pp. 38-58.
Sharon Gilad and Momi Dahan. 2021. “Representative Bureaucracy and Impartial Policing.” Public Administration , 99, 1, Pp. 137-155.
2020
Momi Dahan and Michel Strawczynski. 2020. “Budget Institutions and Government Effectiveness.” Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management, 32, 2, Pp. 217-246.
Momi Dahan. 2020. “Using Spatial Distribution of Outlets to Estimate Gambling Incidence.” Israel Economic Review, 17, 2, Pp. 1-28.
2018
Avi Ben-Bassat and Momi Dahan. 2018. “Biased Policy and Political Behavior: The Case of Uneven Removal of Elected Mayors in Israel.” Politics & Policy, 46, 6, Pp. 912-950 .
2016
Avi Ben-Bassat, Momi Dahan, and Esteban F. Klor. 2016. “Is centralization a solution to the soft budget constraint problem?” European Journal of Political Economy, Pp. 57. Abstract
This paper focuses on the centralization program implemented in Israel in 2004 to analyze whether the administrative subordination of municipalities is an effective policy to deal with problems related to soft-budget constraint of lower level governments. The results consistently show, for different specifications and samples of municipalities, that this program brought a substantial decrease of municipalities' expenditures (mostly because of decreases in salary payments), and an increase of local property tax collection. Our analysis shows that all of the fiscal impact of the program is due to the appointment of an accountant that reports directly to the central government, a relatively mild form of administrative subordination. In contrast, more intrusive forms of subordination, like the central imposition of a recovery program, do not result in any substantial improvement of municipalities' fiscal situation. This leads us to conclude that a mild form of administrative subordination
Momi Dahan. 2016. “How Successful Was the Melting Pot in the Economic Field?” Israel Economic Review, 14, 1, Pp. 1 - 51.
Avi Ben-Bassat and Momi Dahan. 2016. “Constitutional Commitment to Social Security and Welfare Policy.” Review of Law and Economics, 1, Pp. 165.
Previous studies showed that the Israeli Ministry of Finance has greater power than finance ministries in most developed countries. The article describes three modes of policy analysis that are used in the Budget Department or on its behalf: in-house work, interministerial committees, and public committees. An examination of the three modes of policy analysis indicates that the major weakness of policy analysis is more evident in the in-house work of the Budget Department, which does not systematically evaluate the expected effects of policy proposals on benefits and costs. The interministerial committees or the public committees do not work according to a fixed methodology, and the quality of their analytical work is therefore arbitrary, depending on the people heading the committee. A tradition of presenting a menu of alternatives to policymakers has not been found in all three modes of policy analysis that were researched here. In addition, the decision rule according to which the
2015
Avi Ben-Bassat, Momi Dahan, and Esteban F. Klor. 2015. “Does campaign spending affect electoral outcomes?” Electoral Studies, 40, Pp. 102 - 114. Abstract
This study investigates the effect of candidates' expenditure on elections' results focusing on run-off elections' data. Our analysis, based on all run-off municipal elections in Israel between 1993 and 2008, shows that candidates' share of the vote is not substantially affected by their campaign spending. This outcome contradicts recent results showing that, in a developing country where voting is compulsory, campaign expenditures have a significant effect on vote shares. Yet, it is in line with the evidence of earlier studies based on developed countries showing that the effect of campaign spending is limited. This leads us to suggest that campaign spending may be effective in developing countries with consolidating democracies because compulsory voting forces the relative poor population to turn out and vote, and this population is relatively more impressionable by campaign spending on media advertisements.
Avi Ben-Bassat and Momi Dahan. 2015. “The Regulation of Political Finance and Corruption.” Election Law Journal, 14, 3, Pp. 190.
2014
Momi Dahan and Moshe Hazan. 2014. “Priorities in the Government Budget.” Israel Economic Review, 11, 1, Pp. 1 - 33.
2013
Momi Dahan and Michel Strawczynski. 2013. “Fiscal Rules and the Composition of Government Expenditures in OECD Countries.” Journal of Policy Analysis & Management, 3, Pp. 484.
Avi Ben-Bassat, Momi Dahan, Benny Geys, and Esteban F. Klor. 2013. “The impact of the economic costs of conflict on individuals’ political attitudes.”. Abstract
A large number of studies show that war and terrorism have a significant effect on individuals’ political attitudes. Yet, this extensive literature does not inspect the mechanisms behind this effect. This paper concentrates on one possible mechanism, by differentiating between the human toll of terror and war and the economic costs they cause. For these purposes we focus on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and use variation in the level of violence across time and space together with localities’ different exposure to the tourism sector to estimate their respective effects on political attitudes. Our results suggest that whereas fatalities from the conflict make Israelis more willing to grant territorial concessions to the Palestinians, the associated economic costs of conflict do not have a consistent significant effect on individuals’ political attitudes.
2012
Momi Dahan and Michel Strawczynski. 2012. “The Optimal Asymptotic Income Tax Rate.” Journal of Public Economic Theory, Pp. 737. Abstract
To purchase or authenticate to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9779.2012.01559.x/abst... Byline: MOMI DAHAN(1), MICHEL STRAWCZYNSKI(2) Abstract This paper shows that a policy maker needs only two types of information to set the optimal income tax rate at the top: a measure of labor supply elasticity and the shape of skills distribution. We find that the asymptotic tax rate is not affected by the degree of inequality aversion as long as the marginal utility of consumption converges to zero. By using empirically plausible estimates for the compensated labor supply elasticity and the shape of skills distribution, we find that the optimal marginal tax rate at the top should be between 33% and 60%, which is in line with the existing rates in the real world. Author Affiliation: (1)Hebrew University of Jerusalem, School of Public Policy (2)Hebrew University of Jerusalem, School of Public Policy Article Note: Momi Dahan
Tehila Kogut and Momi Dahan. 2012. “Do you look forward to retirement? Motivational biases in pension decisions.” Judgment and Decision Making, 7, 3, Pp. 282. Abstract
This research examines the relationship between positive and negative perceptions of pensions and motivation to engage in the decision process of choosing a private pension plan, as well as satisfaction from the chosen pension plan, among trained economists. A sample of 134 economists completed a self-report survey examining the decision process of different decision contexts in life, including pension decisions. Overall, participants showed low motivation to engage in the process of choosing a private pension plan, compared to their motivation to engage in other decision tasks. However, economists invested more in the decision process and showed greater satisfaction from their decision regarding their pension plan when they had a more positive perception of pensions. This perception is represented by higher subjective likelihood of receiving pension allowances for a long period, and by a profitable view of the balance between current payments and expected incomes from pension saving.

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